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These illustrations were created for historical publications or educational textbooks.

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George Washington 1789
This pen and ink illustration of the Boston Tea Party was created for Ben Edwards' online project for his book, "One April in Boston." If you look closely, you can pick out the action narrated by George Robert Twelve Hewes one of the participants in the action. As Hewes' journal stated:

"During the time we were throwing the tea overboard, there were several attempts made by some of the citizens of Boston and its vicinity, to carry off small quantities of it for their family use. To effect that object, they would watch their opportunity to snatch up a handful from the deck, where it became plentifully scattered, and put it into their pockets. One Captain O’Conner, whom I well knew, came on board for that purpose, and when he supposed he was not noticed, filled his pockets, and also the lining of his coat. But I had detected him, and gave information to the captain of what he was doing. We were ordered to take him into custody, and just as he was stepping from the vessel, I seized him by the skirt of his coat, and in attempting to pull him back, I tore it off; but springing forward, by a rapid effort, he made his escape. He had however to run a gauntlet through the crowd upon the wharf; each one, as he passed, giving him a kick or a stroke."
The Boston Tea Party
This is one of many pen and ink illustrations for "One April in Boston" by Ben Edwards and published by  Spyglass Books. This is Faneuil Hall in Boston, Massachusetts as it was first built in the 18th century before it was expanded and enlarged.
Faneuil Hall
This is my finished painting inspired by Benjamin Franklin's 1745 letter, "Advice to a Young Man on the Choice of a Mistress." Part of the wonderful new three-volume compendium edited by Russ Kick, "The Graphic Canon. " My painting appears in the first volume.

Instead of literally illustrating the text of Frankin's 1745 letter, I painted a picture showing the first flirtations between an itinerant silhouettist and a well-to-do-widow that may lead up a sybaritic assignation.

The scene shows a street in Philadelphia sometime about the last quarter of the 1700s. The shadow portraitist complements a fine lady on the quality of her classic profile and offers to cut her likeness for only the enjoyment and artistic pleasure of the experience.

Behind them, a British grenadier enjoys his pipe and the scene as it plays out in front of his recruiting office.
Choosing a Mistress
This illustration was created to evoke the look of 18th century woodcuts in portraying the landing of British troops at Long Wharf in Boston in 1768. I used hundreds of individual images taken from period woodcuts and adapted, retouched, assembled and combined them all to construct this view of the event, complete with inconsistent scale and perspective, but showing the Boston skyline and waterfront as it was in that momentous year. If you open the image in a new window, you'll get a larger view.
The British Land in Boston
This isn't a piece of my art but rather a very interesting couple of guys holding a piece of my art. The gentleman on the left is Richard Van Treuren, NASA shuttle technician and Naval Airship Association historian. On the right is Nelson Grills the 1943 USN commander of the K-74 airship depicted in my painting. Nelson Grills said that my painting of K-74 battling the U-174 was the most accurate depiction he’d ever seen. I think that's one of the best reviews I've ever received for a piece of my art.
This painting is an accurate portrayal of the only (officially) acknowledged battle between a US Navy airship and a German U-Boat. On July 18, 1943, the US Naval Blimp K-74 attacked and damaged the German U-Boat U-134 off the Florida straits and saved nearby merchant ships from probable sinking. The K-74 was shot down with the loss of its bombardier. The German U-Boat, its diving tanks badly damaged by the K-74's attack, was forced to limp across the Atlantic for its home base. It was discovered, bombed and sunk by allied aircraft 30 days later.
K-74 vs. U-134
This is the art for the the DVD "Airships Fight a Cold War", a chapter in the Airship History Series. The painting shows a USN type ZPG-2 airship in the 1950s equipped with radar and flying over the ice at the north pole while a Russian nuclear sub hides beneath the frozen stalactites under the ice.
Airships Fight a Cold War

Both of these illustrations were commissioned by Spyglass Books, and both took a considerable amount of research to complete. The Washington portrait was based on the Houdon statue in the state capitol in Richmond, Virginia. Washington's uniform from the late war was the model for the clothing. The Paul Revere portrait was posed by a living historian who does a first person interpretation of Revere at historic sites. His resemblance to Revere was startling, although I had to bring his features more in line with the Copley portrait of Revere by sharpening the angle of his nostrils, and enhancing the upturned angle of his upper lip.
Washington & Revere
This is a cutaway illustration of a typical New York City subway, including the surface, kiosk, and some of what lays under the sidewalks of the city. Inset are two details of the original double-page spread. This illustration introduced students to the concept of reading cutaway diagrams. © Published by Scott Foresman/Pearson Education.
NYC Subway
Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon (approx. 1474-1526) - No reference existed for the likeness of this French explorer, but authentic clothing and armor had to be researched for this painting. The curator at the Higgins Armory Museum in Massachusetts helped me zero in on the proper helmet for the period and for the country of origin of this explorer of early America. © Scott Foresman/Pearson Education.
Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon
One of my favorite things is to try to make living, breathing flesh-and-blood images of historic people from sketchy reference or scant evidence. The two drawings at the top show original period drawings made of the missionaries Narcissa and Marcus Whitman ca.1847, only days before being killed by local Native Americans. These likenesses were the only ones known to exist. I tracked them down at the Royal Ontario Museum and then created the paintings below. I wanted to capture a resemblance to the sketches, show them in correct period clothing and also simulate or evoke the look of period photography. ©Published by Scott Foresman/Pearson Education.
The Whitmans
This is Louis Morris (1671-1746). The only reference for this first governor of New Jersey was a small 18th century engraving (inset). My assignment was to create a fully rendered, color portrait from that small hazy image. ©Published by Scott Foresman/Pearson Education.
Louis Morris
This is the largest illustration I have done so far. This painting of the Mars Rover was created for a series of large school posters promoting reading programs. I learned more than I ever wanted to about the Martian Rovers after researching the construction of these highly detailed machines. I probably just as rapidly forgot all I learned. © Published by Scott Foresman/Pearson Education.
Mars Rover
Christopher Gadsden is featured in this double-page spread. It shows Gadsden at the time he was Lieutenant-Governor of South Carolina, standing in front of Charles-Towne Harbor as it may have looked ca. 1778. The only reference found for Gadsden showed him as he looked late in life, so I had to regress him to his late forties. The open areas in the sky and the scroll are spaces for text. © Scott Foresman/Pearson Education.
Christopher Gadsden
Created for the Ben Edward's genealogy website, this illustration shows a typical wood, iron and steel printing press of the 18th century as was found in urban centers like Boston and Philadelphia.
Printing Press